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- Category: A
- Date Added: 26/01/1971
- Local Authority: Moray
- Planning Authority: Moray
- Parish: St Andrews-Lhanbryd
National Grid Reference
- NGR: NJ 26187 60751
- Coordinates: 326187, 860751
Dated 1641 or 1644, but probably commenced in early 17th
century. 4-storey tower house, each storey containing a
single room. Harled rubble, ashlar dressings and margins.
Centre entrance in S elevation to slightly sunken vaulted
store. Off-centre entrance to 1st floor reached by later
forestair with dated armorial panel above entrance; single
small window to each floor in S front, small vents elsewhere.
Round bartizans corbelled out at SE and NW angles with
conical roofs, small windows and shot-holes square, open
bartizan at SW angle with corbelled base and crenellated
wallhead. Chamfered margins; iron window grills. Coped
end and tall wallhead stacks; flush stone slab roof
mounted on stone vault.
INTERIOR: vaulted ground floor store with gun loops in N,
E and W walls; stone slab can be raised from opening in
crown of vault to pass goods up or down from 1st floor hall.
1st floor hall with deep window embrasure, mural closet,
aumbry, small coat of arms and yett. Mural stair leads to
2nd and 3rd floor rooms. Each room barrel vaulted except
that on 3rd floor which has arch pointed vaulting supporting
roof, the vaults alternating in directing on each floor.
Further mural closet in 2nd floor room; 3rd floor room
opens to bartizans.
Statement of Special Interest
Armorial panel above 1st floor entrance initialled RI and AI
for Robert Innes of Invermarkie, superior, and Alexander
Innes of Coxton. Second set of initials are IR and KG for
Janet Reid and Kate Gordon, 1st and 2nd wives respectively
of Alexander Innes of Coxton, who died 6 October, 1612 and
is buried in Lhanbryde burial ground. Coxton Tower thought
to have been commenced by Alexander Innes and completed
by his grandson, Sir Alexander Innes, whose arms with
those of his 2nd wife, Mary MacKenzie of Coul, Ross-shire
are in the 1st floor hall. The armorial must be after
1647, the year Sir Alexander's first wife died.
MacGibbon and Ross, THE CASTELLATED AND DOMESTIC ARCHITECTURE
OF SCOTLAND ii (1887), pp. 23-6. Stewart Cruden, THE SCOTTISH
CASTLE (3rd ed., 1981), p. 152. W Douglas Simpson 'Coxton
Tower', ABERDEEN UNIVERSITY REVIEWS XXXII, pp. 189-199.
Listing is the way that a building or structure of special architectural or historic interest is recognised by law through the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) (Scotland) Act 1997.
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