Listed Building

The only legal part of the listing is the address/name of site. Addresses and building names may have changed since the date of listing – see ‘About Listed Buildings’ below for more information.

COXTON TOWERLB15774

Status: Designated

Documents

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Summary

Category
A
Date Added
26/01/1971
Supplementary Information Updated
06/06/2017
Local Authority
Moray
Planning Authority
Moray
Parish
St Andrews-Lhanbryd
NGR
NJ 26187 60751
Coordinates
326187, 860751

Description

Dated 1641 or 1644, but probably commenced in early 17th

century. 4-storey tower house, each storey containing a

single room. Harled rubble, ashlar dressings and margins.

Centre entrance in S elevation to slightly sunken vaulted

store. Off-centre entrance to 1st floor reached by later

forestair with dated armorial panel above entrance; single

small window to each floor in S front, small vents elsewhere.

Round bartizans corbelled out at SE and NW angles with

conical roofs, small windows and shot-holes square, open

bartizan at SW angle with corbelled base and crenellated

wallhead. Chamfered margins; iron window grills. Coped

end and tall wallhead stacks; flush stone slab roof

mounted on stone vault.

INTERIOR: vaulted ground floor store with gun loops in N,

E and W walls; stone slab can be raised from opening in

crown of vault to pass goods up or down from 1st floor hall.

1st floor hall with deep window embrasure, mural closet,

aumbry, small coat of arms and yett. Mural stair leads to

2nd and 3rd floor rooms. Each room barrel vaulted except

that on 3rd floor which has arch pointed vaulting supporting

roof, the vaults alternating in directing on each floor.

Further mural closet in 2nd floor room; 3rd floor room

opens to bartizans.

Statement of Special Interest

Armorial panel above 1st floor entrance initialled RI and AI for Robert Innes of Invermarkie, superior, and Alexander Innes of Coxton. Second set of initials are IR and KG for Janet Reid and Kate Gordon, 1st and 2nd wives respectively of Alexander Innes of Coxton, who died 6 October, 1612 and is buried in Lhanbryde burial ground. Coxton Tower thought to have been commenced by Alexander Innes and completed by his grandson, Sir Alexander Innes, whose arms with those of his 2nd wife, Mary MacKenzie of Coul, Ross-shire are in the 1st floor hall. The armorial must be after 1647, the year Sir Alexander s first wife died.

References

Bibliography

MacGibbon and Ross, THE CASTELLATED AND DOMESTIC ARCHITECTURE

OF SCOTLAND ii (1887), pp. 23-6. Stewart Cruden, THE SCOTTISH

CASTLE (3rd ed., 1981), p. 152. W Douglas Simpson 'Coxton

Tower', ABERDEEN UNIVERSITY REVIEWS XXXII, pp. 189-199.

About Listed Buildings

Historic Environment Scotland is responsible for designating sites and places at the national level. These designations are Scheduled monuments, Listed buildings, Inventory of gardens and designed landscapes and Inventory of historic battlefields.

We make recommendations to the Scottish Government about historic marine protected areas, and the Scottish Ministers decide whether to designate.

Listing is the process that identifies, designates and provides statutory protection for buildings of special architectural or historic interest as set out in the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) (Scotland) Act 1997.

We list buildings which are found to be of special architectural or historic interest using the selection guidance published in Designation Policy and Selection Guidance (2019)

Listed building records provide an indication of the special architectural or historic interest of the listed building which has been identified by its statutory address. The description and additional information provided are supplementary and have no legal weight.

These records are not definitive historical accounts or a complete description of the building(s). If part of a building is not described it does not mean it is not listed. The format of the listed building record has changed over time. Earlier records may be brief and some information will not have been recorded.

The legal part of the listing is the address/name of site which is known as the statutory address. Addresses and building names may have changed since the date of listing. Even if a number or name is missing from a listing address it will still be listed. Listing covers both the exterior and the interior and any object or structure fixed to the building. Listing also applies to buildings or structures not physically attached but which are part of the curtilage (or land) of the listed building as long as they were erected before 1 July 1948.

While Historic Environment Scotland is responsible for designating listed buildings, the planning authority is responsible for determining what is covered by the listing, including what is listed through curtilage. However, for listed buildings designated or for listings amended from 1 October 2015, legal exclusions to the listing may apply.

If part of a building is not listed, it will say that it is excluded in the statutory address and in the statement of special interest in the listed building record. The statement will use the word 'excluding' and quote the relevant section of the 1997 Act. Some earlier listed building records may use the word 'excluding', but if the Act is not quoted, the record has not been revised to reflect subsequent legislation.

Listed building consent is required for changes to a listed building which affect its character as a building of special architectural or historic interest. The relevant planning authority is the point of contact for applications for listed building consent.

Find out more about listing and our other designations at www.historicenvironment.scot/advice-and-support. You can contact us on 0131 668 8914 or at designations@hes.scot.

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