Listed Building

The only legal part of the listing is the address/name of site. Addresses and building names may have changed since the date of listing – see ‘About Listed Buildings’ below for more information.

PRESHOME, CHAPEL HOUSE, GARDEN STORE AND WALL ENCLOSING HOUSE, GARDEN AND CHURCHLB15525

Status: Designated

Documents

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Summary

Category
A
Date Added
25/04/1989
Local Authority
Moray
Planning Authority
Moray
Parish
Rathven
NGR
NJ 41085 61443
Coordinates
341085, 861443

Description

HOUSE: Bishop James Kyle with William Robertson, 1830. S

facing symmetrical 2-storey, 3-bay house. Rubble, tooled

ashlar dressings and margins. Centre door with simple later

wooden portico type porch. Regular 3-bay rear fenestration; 2

centre stair windows lighting upper flights in E gable;

mainly 4-pane glazing. Coped end stacks; slate roof.

Later single storey lean-to at E gable.

INTERIOR: centre entrance passage with parlour at left and

former dining room (now sitting room) at right.

PARLOUR: plain white marble chimneypiece; simple ceiling

cornice; centre painted ceiling rose with armorial within

foliated wreath enclosed by simple hexagonal painted border.

FORMER DINING ROOM (sitting room): plain grey marble

chimneypiece (as parlour); simple ceiling cornice.

1ST FLOOR: library and former archive with original shelving,

'pigeon holes' and cupboards.

GARDEN STORE: later 18th century, W facing 2-storey, regular

2-bay garden store, probably former pavilion wing to earlier

house. Rubble, tooled rubble dressings. Entrance to 1st floor

by forestair at N gable; off centre gable entrance to ground

floor in S gable. 9-pane glazing; centre ridge stack; piended

Banffshire slate roof.

GARDEN WALL: house and adjoining church enclosed by coped

rubble wall.

Statement of Special Interest

There appears to have been a former dwelling on site. Chapel

House designed and built by Bishop Kyle with William

Robertson who amended and drew the plans.

The Rt. Rev. James Kyle became Vicar Apostolic of the

Northern District of Scotland in 1828; he chose to reside at

Preshome where he remained until his death in 1869. He was a

remarkable administrator, a linguist, an architect and

scholar, a key figure in the Roman Catholic Church in

Scotland in the 19th century. 75,000 documents amassed at

Preshome during his lifetime and filed in his personal

archive room, are now in the Scottich Catholic Archive,

Edinburgh. The Bishop was also a hospitable man, providing 6

attic rooms for his guests.

References

Bibliography

NEW STATISTICAL ACCOUNT (1842), p.255. David McRoberts,

'Scottish Catholic Archives', INNES REVIEW 28, (1977),

pp.106-7. Scottish Catholic Archives, Edinburgh PL3/170/8 and

IM28/5/10.

About Listed Buildings

Historic Environment Scotland is responsible for designating sites and places at the national level. These designations are Scheduled monuments, Listed buildings, Inventory of gardens and designed landscapes and Inventory of historic battlefields.

We make recommendations to the Scottish Government about historic marine protected areas, and the Scottish Ministers decide whether to designate.

Listing is the process that identifies, designates and provides statutory protection for buildings of special architectural or historic interest as set out in the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) (Scotland) Act 1997.

We list buildings which are found to be of special architectural or historic interest using the selection guidance published in Designation Policy and Selection Guidance (2019)

Listed building records provide an indication of the special architectural or historic interest of the listed building which has been identified by its statutory address. The description and additional information provided are supplementary and have no legal weight.

These records are not definitive historical accounts or a complete description of the building(s). If part of a building is not described it does not mean it is not listed. The format of the listed building record has changed over time. Earlier records may be brief and some information will not have been recorded.

The legal part of the listing is the address/name of site which is known as the statutory address. Addresses and building names may have changed since the date of listing. Even if a number or name is missing from a listing address it will still be listed. Listing covers both the exterior and the interior and any object or structure fixed to the building. Listing also applies to buildings or structures not physically attached but which are part of the curtilage (or land) of the listed building as long as they were erected before 1 July 1948.

While Historic Environment Scotland is responsible for designating listed buildings, the planning authority is responsible for determining what is covered by the listing, including what is listed through curtilage. However, for listed buildings designated or for listings amended from 1 October 2015, legal exclusions to the listing may apply.

If part of a building is not listed, it will say that it is excluded in the statutory address and in the statement of special interest in the listed building record. The statement will use the word 'excluding' and quote the relevant section of the 1997 Act. Some earlier listed building records may use the word 'excluding', but if the Act is not quoted, the record has not been revised to reflect subsequent legislation.

Listed building consent is required for changes to a listed building which affect its character as a building of special architectural or historic interest. The relevant planning authority is the point of contact for applications for listed building consent.

Find out more about listing and our other designations at www.historicenvironment.scot/advice-and-support. You can contact us on 0131 668 8914 or at designations@hes.scot.

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