Listed Building

The legal part of the listing is the address/name of site only. All other information in the record is not statutory.

HAUGHHEAD, VIADUCTLB15423

Status: Designated

Documents

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Summary

Category
B
Date Added
21/02/1971
Local Authority
Scottish Borders
Planning Authority
Scottish Borders
Parish
Traquair
NGR
NT 34053 36626
Coordinates
334053, 636626

Description

Opened 1864. 5-span, iron plate-girder former railway bridge crossing River Tweed; riveted construction with brick in-fill under spans. Coursed rusticated sandstone ashlar cutwater piers.

N & S ELEVATIONS: 5 segmental-headed iron spans (girders supporting beneath) with riveted overhanging edge copes resting on tall rectangular cutwater piers (4); supported on riverbank by altered ashlar supports each with later path and embankment supporting. Track and ballast removed and modern footpath now laid; evidence of service pipes being carried across river to S.

Statement of Special Interest

Very early example of a plate-girder construction bridge in iron and one of a pair with Horsburgh Viaduct (listed separately in Innerleithen parish). The North British Railway opened, in 1845, the Edinburgh to Hawick Railway. The line in the Peebles area, at this time, was contentious; the NBR only built on the north bank from the eastern areas up to Peebles, whilst the Caledonian Railway came across from the western approaches on the south bank. As an important resort town, the provision of a station was necessary for local economy as well as the two train companies. Local industry also relied on a rail link for the movement of their goods. In June 1866; the line reached Galashiels from Innerleithen and Peebles. This was a continuation of a railway opened by Peebles Railway Company from Eskbank (on the Edinburgh to Hawick line) to Peebles on 4th July 1855. With its extension, the Peebles line formed a loop between Eskbank and Gala, embracing Hawthornden, Roslin, Penicuik and Leadburn as well as Peebles, Cardrona and Innerleithen. This new viaduct (Haughhead) and railway station (Innerleithen) were built and opened on the 10th October 1864. The viaduct linked Innerleithen Station on the north side of the River Tweed to the south bank's section of the railway (where as Horsburgh Viaduct is sited near to south bank Cardrona Station and links it with the north bank section of railway). Innerleithen Station was closed on the 5th February 1962 on the advice of the British Transport Commission. The former station (which retains its platform and verandah) is now a private residence. The viaduct no longer carries trains, but foot passengers, cyclists and horses; it also provides a link to the south of the River Tweed. The old railway line is still visible to the S of the caravan park and the viaduct is part of the riverside walk. Listed as a good example of an iron plate-girder railway viaduct.

References

Bibliography

2nd Edition, ORDNANCE SURVEY MAP (circa 1897) showing viaduct and station. John Thomas, REGIONAL HISTORY OF RAILWAYS IN GREAT BRITAIN, Vol VI ? SCOTLAND (1971) p97-99. Gordon Biddle and OS Nock, THE RAILWAY HERITAGE OF GREAT BRITAIN (1983) p123. A J Mullay, RAILS ACROSS THE BORDER (1990) pp64-5. Alan Spence, DISCOVERING THE BORDERS 2 (1994) p137. For more information on Peebles Railway, see www.railscot.co.uk/Peebles

About Listed Buildings

Listing is the way that a building or structure of special architectural or historic interest is recognised by law through the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) (Scotland) Act 1997.

We list buildings of special architectural or historic interest using the criteria published in the Historic Environment Scotland Policy Statement.

The statutory listing address is the legal part of the listing. The information in the listed building record gives an indication of the special architectural or historic interest of the listed building(s). It is not a definitive historical account or a complete description of the building(s). The format of the listed building record has changed over time. Earlier records may be brief and some information will not have been recorded.

Listing covers both the exterior and the interior. Listing can cover structures not mentioned which are part of the curtilage of the building, such as boundary walls, gates, gatepiers, ancillary buildings etc. The planning authority is responsible for advising on what is covered by the listing including the curtilage of a listed building. For information about curtilage see www.historicenvironment.scot. Since 1 October 2015 we have been able to exclude items from a listing. If part of a building is not listed, it will say that it is excluded in the statutory address and in the statement of special interest in the listed building record. The statement will use the word 'excluding' and quote the relevant section of the Historic Environment Scotland Act 2014. Some earlier listed building records may use the word 'excluding', but if the Act is not quoted, the record has not been revised to reflect current legislation.

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