Listed Building

The legal part of the listing is the address/name of site only. All other information in the record is not statutory.

MARCHMONT ESTATE, DOVECOTLB15388

Status: Designated

Documents

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Summary

Category
A
Group Category Details
100000020 - see notes
Date Added
09/06/1971
Supplementary Information Updated
16/08/1999
Local Authority
Scottish Borders
Planning Authority
Scottish Borders
Parish
Polwarth
NGR
NT 76001 49889
Coordinates
376001, 649889

Description

James Williamson, mason, 1749. Circular-plan, single-chambered tower dovecot sited to terminate Marchmont Avenue. Squared, tooled and coursed sandstone rubble; sandstone ashlar dressings. Stepped base; corniced eaves; sandstone blocking course. Shouldered doorway centred in SW front (door missing); lugged rectangular frame aligned above (panel missing). 2 rows of flight holes to SE with tiered sandstone ledges and moulded sandstone brackets. Domed grey slate roof surmounted by tapering cupola with flight holes at base.

INTERIOR: 532 timber nesting boxes lining walls (19 tiers of 28); lowest tier set 5ft above ground. Open timber roof; potence post in place.

Statement of Special Interest

B Group comprises Marchmont House, Adam Bridge, the Cottages near the Remains of Redbraes Castle, the Dovecot, Gamekeeper's Cottage, Ice House, The Kennel House, 1 & 2 Marchmont Estate Cottages, Redbraes, Stable Courtyard and the Walled Garden (see separate list entries). An impressive, well-detailed dovecot, set to the NE of Marchmont House, terminating Marchmont Avenue (itself planted circa 1727). Although the house has been wrongly attributed to William Adam, he is thought to have been responsible for its designed landscape - Marchmont Avenue playing a key role. Robertson records the dovecot's outer circumference as 44ft and the door opening as 7ft high, 4ft8" wide. Door missing, cornice damaged and slates broken/missing in part 1998.

References

Bibliography

Roy's map, 1750s (evident). Armstrong's map, 1771 (evident). Ordnance Survey Name Book (1856-1858) Reel 64, Book 38, NMRS. Ordnance Survey map, 1858 (evident). T Buxbaum SCOTTISH DOOCOTS (1987). A Niven Robertson THE OLD DOVECOTES OF SCOTLAND (1961) pp492-494. AN INVENTORY OF GARDENS AND DESIGNED LANDSCAPES IN SCOTLAND, Vol 5, LOTHIAN & BORDERS p351. C A Strang BORDERS AND BERWICK: AN ILLUSTRATED ARCHITECTURAL GUIDE (1991) p49. NMRS photographic archives.

About Listed Buildings

Listing is the way that a building or structure of special architectural or historic interest is recognised by law through the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) (Scotland) Act 1997.

We list buildings of special architectural or historic interest using the criteria published in the Historic Environment Scotland Policy Statement.

The statutory listing address is the legal part of the listing. The information in the listed building record gives an indication of the special architectural or historic interest of the listed building(s). It is not a definitive historical account or a complete description of the building(s). The format of the listed building record has changed over time. Earlier records may be brief and some information will not have been recorded.

Listing covers both the exterior and the interior. Listing can cover structures not mentioned which are part of the curtilage of the building, such as boundary walls, gates, gatepiers, ancillary buildings etc. The planning authority is responsible for advising on what is covered by the listing including the curtilage of a listed building. For information about curtilage see www.historicenvironment.scot. Since 1 October 2015 we have been able to exclude items from a listing. If part of a building is not listed, it will say that it is excluded in the statutory address and in the statement of special interest in the listed building record. The statement will use the word 'excluding' and quote the relevant section of the Historic Environment Scotland Act 2014. Some earlier listed building records may use the word 'excluding', but if the Act is not quoted, the record has not been revised to reflect current legislation.

If you want to alter, extend or demolish a listed building you need to contact your planning authority to see if you need listed building consent. The planning authority is the main point of contact for all applications for listed building consent.

Find out more about listing and our other designations at www.historicenvironment.scot. You can contact us on 0131 668 8716 or at designations@hes.scot.

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Printed: 17/11/2018 22:16