Listed Building

The legal part of the listing is the address/name of site only. All other information in the record is not statutory.

WHITEKIRK PARISH CHURCH, ST MARY'S (CHURCH OF SCOTLAND)LB14615

Status: Designated

Documents

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Summary

Category
A
Date Added
05/02/1971
Local Authority
East Lothian
Planning Authority
East Lothian
Parish
Whitekirk And Tyninghame
NGR
NT 59627 81524
Coordinates
359627, 681524

Description

15th century parish church on cruciform plan, possibly

incorporating earlier Kirk, with N aisle added 1832; S

transept restored, by R Rowand Anderson 1894 and again

by Robert Lorimer 1914-17, further restoration after

suffragette fire. Coursed red sandstone. Pointed arch

Y-traceried windows. Dominating square tower.

S ELEVATION: large crowstepped porch with wide

hoodmoulded pointed archway, imposts and battered angle

buttresses, formerly bearing moulded pinnacles. Blind

niches to buttresses and in weathered panel above

archway. Rib vaulted porch. Metal studded 2-leaf

doors. Arched nave windows with cusped Y-tracery.

Crowstepped S transept to right of ashlar (Anderson

1894) and coursed stone (Lorimer) with ashlar battered

angle buttresses and trefoiled oculus in gable head;

pairs of square headed, 2-light windows with

perpendicular tracery on W return. Buttressed chancel

with 3-light traceried window in S wall.

N ELEVATION: window to nave to outer right; crowstepped,

projecting N aisle (1832) to left with cat slide roof

and 2-light square headed windows as above. Crowstepped

gabled transept to left with tripartite tracery, pyramid

capped stair projection with set-offs adjoining NW angle

of tower. Crowstepped, cat-slide roof to vestry in E

re-entrant of transept with pointed arch doorway.

Polygonal stack on raised base at eaves level to left.

Deep-set chancel light flanked by battered buttresses.

E GABLE: crowstepped with quatrefoiled oculus.

W GABLE: pointed 3-light window; coped skews.

CROSSING TOWER: 3-stage with dividing string courses and

corbelled parapet. Pointed arch windows with simple Y-

tracery to upper stages on all faces; small rectangular

stair lights, mostly blocked. Slate pyramid roof.

Wrought-iron cockerel weathervane.

INTERIOR: white washed, aisle-less nave with timber

barrel-vaulted ceiling; parquet flooring. Rib vaulted

chancel. Pointed stone barrel vault above chancel with

stone flagged floor. Simple carving to choir stalls.

Pink sandstone communion table by Lorimer, with oak

pulpit and lectern. W window stained glass by C E Kempe

post 1889; N aisle 4 lights by Kenneth Parsons, 1916,

with trefoiled S transept oculus. Decoratively carved

wall plaque in N transept, pink sandstone, post 1917, to

11th Earl of Haddington.

Rubble retaining wall enclosing church and graveyard

with yett pattern timber gates to S.

Statement of Special Interest

Ecclesiastical building in use as such. The earlier

church also served as a pilgrimage centre. Aeneas

Silvius Piccolomini visited, before becoming Pius II.

Name of Whitekirk stems from former whitewashed walls.

Oliver Cromwell stabled horses in church, while

attacking Tantallon. Porch niche formerly held figure of

St Mary. Oculus on E end bears Bishop Crawford's

armorial, much weathered. Suffragette fire destroyed

Laird's loft in N transept, and 2-stage pulpit.

Whitekirk parish joined by Tyninghame in 1760. See

Whitekirk Tithe Barn listed separately.

References

Bibliography

MacGibbon and Ross ECCLESIASTICAL ARCHITECTURE OF

SCOTLAND (1897), vol III, pp. 269-275.

C McWilliam LOTHIAN (1978), p. 467-8 Inventory, number

200.

TRANSACTIONS of Edinburgh Architectural Association vol

II, pp 116-8.

About Listed Buildings

Listing is the way that a building or structure of special architectural or historic interest is recognised by law through the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) (Scotland) Act 1997.

We list buildings of special architectural or historic interest using the criteria published in the Historic Environment Scotland Policy Statement.

The statutory listing address is the legal part of the listing. The information in the listed building record gives an indication of the special architectural or historic interest of the listed building(s). It is not a definitive historical account or a complete description of the building(s). The format of the listed building record has changed over time. Earlier records may be brief and some information will not have been recorded.

Listing covers both the exterior and the interior. Listing can cover structures not mentioned which are part of the curtilage of the building, such as boundary walls, gates, gatepiers, ancillary buildings etc. The planning authority is responsible for advising on what is covered by the listing including the curtilage of a listed building. For information about curtilage see www.historicenvironment.scot. Since 1 October 2015 we have been able to exclude items from a listing. If part of a building is not listed, it will say that it is excluded in the statutory address and in the statement of special interest in the listed building record. The statement will use the word 'excluding' and quote the relevant section of the Historic Environment Scotland Act 2014. Some earlier listed building records may use the word 'excluding', but if the Act is not quoted, the record has not been revised to reflect current legislation.

If you want to alter, extend or demolish a listed building you need to contact your planning authority to see if you need listed building consent. The planning authority is the main point of contact for all applications for listed building consent.

Find out more about listing and our other designations at www.historicenvironment.scot. You can contact us on 0131 668 8716 or at designations@hes.scot.

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Printed: 18/11/2018 12:28