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- Category: A
- Date Added: 14/04/1971
- Local Authority: South Ayrshire
- Planning Authority: South Ayrshire
- Parish: Tarbolton
National Grid Reference
- NGR: NS 43024 27172
- Coordinates: 243024, 627172
Robert Johnston, 1821. 5-bay, 2-storey, near rectangular-plan classical church with dominant steeple. Base course; eaves course; cornice; pilaster quoins; dies rising through roofline above. Base course; eaves course; cornice; shallow blocking course. Square-plan tower; moulding to base; eaves course, cornice and blocking course to pilaster stripped 1st stage; scrolls at base of pilaster strips at 2nd stage, roundels at apex.
NE (ENTRANCE) ELEVATION: steps to advanced 3-bay central entrance. 3 square-headed entrances; larger central entrance with block-pedimented consoled cornice; 2-leaf timber doors to all; decorative letterbox fanlight to central entrance;
small-paned letterbox fanlight to flanking entrances. String course to 1st floor; Venetian window flanked by single windows. Single window at 1st stage of square-plan tower above; clock face to 2nd stage; polygonal-plan louvred belfry to base of spire; weather finial at apex. Single windows at ground and 1st floor to recessed flanking bays; consoled cornices to ground floor openings; pedimented 1st floor openings.
SW (REAR) ELEVATION: 2 large arched windows to centre. Off-centred small window flanked by 2 larger single windows to lean-to section (section to right, slightly recessed).
SE (SIDE) ELEVATION: tower to right rising above 1st floor as for NE elevation (1st stage arch blind).
4 segmental arched windows at ground floor (window to right, infilled); 4 round-arched windows at 1st floor; timber door to recessed lean-to to outer left.
NW (SIDE) ELEVATION: tower to left rising above 1st floor as for NE elevation (1st stage arch blind). 4 segmentalarched windows at ground floor (window to left, infilled); 4 round-arched windows at 1st floor; lean-to to outer right.
Stained glass and small-paned timber sash and case windows. Slate roof.
INTERIOR: tiled entrance porch floor; rope rail to left gallery staircase; timber handrail to right. Curved upper timber galleries include unusual rustic arm-rests; modillion cornice to ceiling. Timber box pews; panelling to galleries, supported by timber columns; central timber pulpit and altar furniture; timber pedimented screen to organ behind.
Statement of Special Interest
Ecclesiastical building in use as such. The Tarbolton Heritors Minute Book, 1819-1823 (SRO) shows discussions (21/2/1820) on, " [...] the best situation for the new Church." The New Statistical Account comments that the church was completed to the cost of ?2500 and contains 950 sittings. The architect Robert Johnston of Kilmarnock is also noted by Colvin as executing the manse at Irvine in Ayrshire (1820). A finely detailed classical parish church, particularly notable for its 90 foot spire, with its finely detailed pilasters and polygonal belfry. Notable interior features include the timber box pews and the rustic arm-rests. See separate list description for graveyard, gatepiers, gates, railings and boundary wall.
Andrew Armstrong's A New Map of Ayrshire, 1775 (earlier church evident); SRO, HR 718/2; THE NEW STATISTICAL ACCOUNT OF SCOTLAND (1845), p761; FH Groome ORDNANCE GAZETTEER OF SCOTLAND, Vol VI, (1892), p428; George Hay ARCHITECTURE OF SCOTTISH POST-REFORMATION CHURCHES, p 135, p175, p250; Howard Colvin A BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY OF BRITISH ARCHITECTS 1600-1840 (1995, 3rd Edition), p553; Rob Close AYRSHIRE AND ARRAN (1992), p144.
Listing is the way that a building or structure of special architectural or historic interest is recognised by law through the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) (Scotland) Act 1997.
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