Listed Building

The legal part of the listing is the address/name of site only. All other information in the record is not statutory.

LANGTON, ST CUTHBERT'S CHURCHYARDLB13682

Status: Designated

Documents

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Summary

Category
B
Date Added
09/06/1971
Local Authority
Scottish Borders
Planning Authority
Scottish Borders
Parish
Langton
NGR
NT 76248 52535
Coordinates
376248, 652535

Description

Various early gravestones. Part of wall of now ruined church used as vault (see Notes). Tall rubble boundary wall.

Statement of Special Interest

This listing is in a group B listing with the other extant buildings, and the principal gate, on the Langton estate. The church was already ruinous and part of it had been made into a vault by 1857. According to Binnie, the church's roof fell in, in 1727 and in 1736 extensive repairs were carried out ( virtually rebuilding the structure). In 1758, the Langton estate was bought by David Gavin and he proceeded to build Gavinton, where the inhabitants of Langton village were moved. The old village was demolished except for the church. "It is likely that the 3m high wall around the graveyard dates from about this time and was built to exclude churchgoers' prying eyes from Langton House." Once the new church was built in Gavinton, the old church was probably demolished although the churchyard was used until at least 1868. There is a headstone dated 1620 and is said to be the oldest headstone in Scotland. The family of the burial vault is unknown. To its centre there is an arched pedimented gravestone with skull and crossbone carved. The inscription beneath this is now too weathered to be read. There was various openings. The internal roof is smooth vaulted. Binnie thinks that the vault was probably built for the Cockburn family in the 18th century.

References

Bibliography

1st edition OS map (1857). GAC Binnie THE CHURCHES AND GRAVEYARDS OF BERWICKSHIRE (1995), P315-18.

About Listed Buildings

Listing is the way that a building or structure of special architectural or historic interest is recognised by law through the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) (Scotland) Act 1997.

We list buildings of special architectural or historic interest using the criteria published in the Historic Environment Scotland Policy Statement.

The statutory listing address is the legal part of the listing. The information in the listed building record gives an indication of the special architectural or historic interest of the listed building(s). It is not a definitive historical account or a complete description of the building(s). The format of the listed building record has changed over time. Earlier records may be brief and some information will not have been recorded.

Listing covers both the exterior and the interior. Listing can cover structures not mentioned which are part of the curtilage of the building, such as boundary walls, gates, gatepiers, ancillary buildings etc. The planning authority is responsible for advising on what is covered by the listing including the curtilage of a listed building. For information about curtilage see www.historicenvironment.scot. Since 1 October 2015 we have been able to exclude items from a listing. If part of a building is not listed, it will say that it is excluded in the statutory address and in the statement of special interest in the listed building record. The statement will use the word 'excluding' and quote the relevant section of the Historic Environment Scotland Act 2014. Some earlier listed building records may use the word 'excluding', but if the Act is not quoted, the record has not been revised to reflect current legislation.

If you want to alter, extend or demolish a listed building you need to contact your planning authority to see if you need listed building consent. The planning authority is the main point of contact for all applications for listed building consent.

Find out more about listing and our other designations at www.historicenvironment.scot. You can contact us on 0131 668 8716 or at designations@hes.scot.

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Printed: 17/11/2018 08:50