Listed Building

The only legal part of the listing is the address/name of site. Addresses and building names may have changed since the date of listing – see ‘About Listed Buildings’ below for more information.

LOCHNAW CASTLE, WITH TERRACE, GATEPIERS, COURTYARD WALLS, BELL, MONUMENT AND PAVILIONLB13498

Status: Designated

Documents

There are no additional online documents for this record.

Summary

Category
A
Date Added
20/07/1972
Local Authority
Dumfries And Galloway
Planning Authority
Dumfries And Galloway
Parish
Leswalt
NGR
NW 99132 62825
Coordinates
199132, 562825

Description

L-plan castle, comprised of late 16th century tower house, and L-plan range of 1663. Formerly U-plan around courtyard (range of 1704 to N, demolished in circa 1953). Formerly with large neo-Tudor 2-storey house added to W, by Archibald Elliot, 1822; almost completely demolished in circa 1953. 4-storey and attic tower house to SE; 2-storey and attic range adjoined to W; foundations of 1822 house to W, forming terrace.

TOWER HOUSE: square-plan. 4-storey and cap-house attic. Washed rubble; sandstone dressings. Grey slates.

N (COURTYARD) ELEVATION: window to 1st, 2nd and 3rd floors to left. Small stair window to 2nd and 3rd floors to right, and between 1st and 2nd floors to outer right. Enclosure adjoined at ground floor, with depressed-arched doorway to left to N, and 2 blocked segmental-arched openings to W.

E ELEVATION: blank.

S ELEVATION: small window to right of centre at ground floor. Window, with cusped lintel (see NOTES), to left of centre at 1st floor; panel to left, apparently inscribed "Dom Andreas Agnev 1426. Nomen Domini Fortissima Turris" (probably inserted at later date; inscription becoming illegible); small gun loop below. Window at centre at 2nd floor and to left of centre at 3rd floor.

W ELEVATION: adjoined to lower 1663 range. Off-set stack at centre. Crowstepped gable of cap-house to left, with small window. Small window to right at parapet level.

Corbelled crenellated parapet to N, E and S, wrapped around to W. Portion of parapet at centre to N projected on corbels to form a machicolation. Portion of parapet corbelled out at centre to E, around tall corniced stack. Water spouts to N, E and S, above moulded corbelling. Crowstepped gabled cap-house to NX; door to E. Parapet walk around N, E and S sides, from NX angle to SW angle.

INTERIOR: single apartment to each floor. Turnpike stair in NX angle. Barrel-vaulted ground floor. Fireplace with moulded jambs at 2nd floor. Stone grill between salt-box and fireplace at 1st floor. Beams of former painted ceilings.

L-PLAN WING TO S AND W: 1663; S range probably remodelled from late 16th century wing; 3-storey, with 2nd floor breaking eaves. Variety of glazing patterns; some 12-pane glazing in sash and case windows, some 4-pane fixed glazing. Slightly graded grey slates.

S RANGE:

S ELEVATION: 6 irregularly spaced bays. Washed rubble to 3 bays to right; rendered and lined to 3 bays to left. Asymmetrically disposed windows to each bay to each floor, except in bay to left at ground floor, and 2 small windows at ground floor in bay to right of centre. Gabled dormerheads, with leaded roofs, to windows at 2nd floor; dormerheads inscribed with initials and armorial bearings. Small window, with remains of cavetto-moulded surround, to outer right at 1st floor. Buttresses (circa 1822) flanking bay to left of centre.

Crowstepped skew at centre. Coped stacks; rubble to ridge to centre and left of centre, harled to W gablehead.

N (COURTYARD) ELEVATION: tall circular stair tower at centre; door to NE, with roll-moulded margin; moulded panel above, apparently formerly inscribed "Nisi Dominus Frustra" (inscription illegible); small windows above at 1st and 2nd floors, and breaking eaves with swept dormerhead; conical roof, with leaded finial. 2 windows at ground floor to left of tower, and small rubble enclosure adjoined to left; later 4-light window above and small window to left at 1st floor; 2 windows at

2nd floor, with gabled dormerheads, one to left inscribed "SAA 1663", one to right inscribed "DAS". Window at ground floor to right of tower; 2 windows at 1st floor; window at 2nd floor, with swept dormerhead.

W RANGE:

W ELEVATION: formerly adjoined to 1822 house; remodelled circa 1953. Harled; concrete margins. Gable of S range to right; window to right and French window to left to ground floor; small oculus in square opening to right in gablehead; carved shield at apex. Door to left and 3 windows at ground floor. Terrace adjoined at basement.

N ELEVATION: harled; concrete margins. Crenellated blocking course, raised to gable at centre. Small arched opening at centre at ground floor. Window to left and right of centre to ground and 1st floors; window to left at ground floor. Bipartite window at centre at 2nd floor; carved shield set in panel in gablehead above. Gable raised as plinth, surmounted by sculpture of eagle. 3-stage circular tower adjoined to left; washed rubble; moulded string course between 2nd and

3rd stages; narrow windows to N at 1st and 3rd stages, to NE at

2nd stage, and to E and W between 1st and 2nd stages; corbelled eaves course; conical roof, with swept eaves, and leaded ball and spike finial.

E (COURTYARD) ELEVATION: door to left of centre, window to right and small window to far left at ground floor. 5 windows at 1st floor.

3 windows at 2nd floor; ball-finialled gabled dormerheads to windows to left and right; pedimented dormerhead to window at centre, with moulded panel containing carved shield in tympanum, and shouldered die, surmounted by sculpture of eagle, to ridge of dormerhead behind. Range

continued to E to right; door, window at 1st floor and ball-finialled dormerhead, inscribed "restored 1882", to window at 2nd floor to S return; blank gabled E elevation, with coped ashlar gablehead stack.

INTERIOR: good late 17th or early 18th century dadoes and doors at 1st floors.

TERRACE: situated to W. Remains of 1822 house to basement level. Squared and snecked rubble; red sandstone margins to blocked basement windows. Red sandstone latticed parapet, with small ball-finialled square piers, around most of terrace; brick parapet to some parts. Canted ashlar loggia to N, with segmental-arched openings. Various gabled dormerheads and carved shields (from 1822 house) scattered around.

GATEPIERS: 19th century. Pair of gatepiers to E to courtyard; square ashlar corniced gatepiers, with large ball finials. Cast-iron fleur-de-lis gate to N pier; gate to S pier removed. S pier

adjoined to enclosure to S, forming screen wall; formerly with screen wall to N.

COURTYARD: low rubble wall to N and E around courtyard. Ashlar birdcage bellcote (from 1704 wing) set at NE angle of wall; corniced, stepped capping and ball finial; bell inscribed "John C Wilson, Founder, Glasgow 1864". Stone inscribed "1704" (from 1704 wing) set into wall beside bellcote.

MONUMENT: circa 1883. Situated to NX of Lochnaw Castle. Polished granite. Pedestal on stepped base, surmounted by urn. W face of pedestal inscribed "Louisa Noel D of Charles 1st Earl of Gainsborough, Lady of Lochnaw 1849-1883", with biblical quotation. E face of pedestal inscribed "The Lady Louisa Agnew designed this garden AD 1858".

PAVILION: earlier 20th century. Situated to S of Lochnaw Castle. 5-sided, with 6th side open to N. Log-clad. Grey slates to piended roof. 3-light window, with 6-pane metal-framed glazing, to NX and NE faces; roof angled over these faces. Window opening to S face.

Statement of Special Interest

The old Lochnaw Castle (see separate listing) was situated on Isle of Lochnaw in Lochnaw Loch. It was replaced in circa 1426 by another castle, situated on the south side of the loch; the existing castle presumably stands on the same site as the 1426 castle, but no 15th century masonry is identifiable. The 1663 ranges were built by Sir Andrew Agnew and Dame Anna Stewart, as recorded in the tympana to the N elevation of the S range. Lochnaw was the seat of the Agnews.

Lochnaw Loch was drained in the early 18th century, and apparently most of the masonry of the old Lochnaw Castle was removed and used in the building of the now demolished 1704 wing of Lochnaw Castle. The cusped lintel of the 1st floor window to the S elevation of the tower house is a characteristic feature of 16th century architecture in the south-west.

See separate listings for Lochnaw: Boathouse; Bridge; Garden House; Kathleen Cottage (former Garchrie Lodge) and Gatepiers; Kinsale Tower; Larbrax Lodge; Noel Lodge; Old Lochnaw Castle; Walled Garden.

References

Bibliography

STATISTICAL ACCOUNT Vol III (1792) p322. NEW STATISTICAL ACCOUNT Vol IV (1845) Wigton, pp124-126. P H M'Kerlie HISTORY OF THE LANDS AND THEIR OWNERS IN GALLOWAY Vol I (1870) pp101-114, Vol II (1877) pp185-190. D MacGibbon and T Ross THE CASTELLATED AND DOMESTIC

ARCHITECTURE OF SCOTLAND Vol III (1889) pp210-213. A Agnew THE HEREDITARY SHERIFFS OF GALLOWAY (1893) Vol I, pp214, 245-246, 312, Vol II, pp96-97, 205. F H Groome (ed) ORDNANCE GAZETTEER OF SCOTLAND

Vol IV (1895) pp502, 542-543. M M Harper RAMBLES IN GALLOWAY (1896)

p 359. RCAHMS INVENTORY Wigtown (1912) pp64-67. C H Dick HIGHWAYS AND BYWAYS IN GALLOWAY AND CARRICK (1916) pp345-347. THIRD STATISTICAL

ACCOUNT Vol 14 (1965) p482. NMRS Index. SRO RHP 3773 (Mackenzie & Moncur, 1909), 3986, 6490 (Richard Park, 1899), architectural plans of Lochnaw Castle.

About Listed Buildings

Historic Environment Scotland is responsible for designating sites and places at the national level. These designations are Scheduled monuments, Listed buildings, Inventory of gardens and designed landscapes and Inventory of historic battlefields.

We make recommendations to the Scottish Government about historic marine protected areas, and the Scottish Ministers decide whether to designate.

Listing is the process that identifies, designates and provides statutory protection for buildings of special architectural or historic interest as set out in the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) (Scotland) Act 1997.

We list buildings which are found to be of special architectural or historic interest using the selection guidance published in Designation Policy and Selection Guidance (2019)

Listed building records provide an indication of the special architectural or historic interest of the listed building which has been identified by its statutory address. The description and additional information provided are supplementary and have no legal weight.

These records are not definitive historical accounts or a complete description of the building(s). If part of a building is not described it does not mean it is not listed. The format of the listed building record has changed over time. Earlier records may be brief and some information will not have been recorded.

The legal part of the listing is the address/name of site which is known as the statutory address. Addresses and building names may have changed since the date of listing. Even if a number or name is missing from a listing address it will still be listed. Listing covers both the exterior and the interior and any object or structure fixed to the building. Listing also applies to buildings or structures not physically attached but which are part of the curtilage (or land) of the listed building as long as they were erected before 1 July 1948.

While Historic Environment Scotland is responsible for designating listed buildings, the planning authority is responsible for determining what is covered by the listing, including what is listed through curtilage. However, for listed buildings designated or for listings amended from 1 October 2015, legal exclusions to the listing may apply.

If part of a building is not listed, it will say that it is excluded in the statutory address and in the statement of special interest in the listed building record. The statement will use the word 'excluding' and quote the relevant section of the 1997 Act. Some earlier listed building records may use the word 'excluding', but if the Act is not quoted, the record has not been revised to reflect subsequent legislation.

Listed building consent is required for changes to a listed building which affect its character as a building of special architectural or historic interest. The relevant planning authority is the point of contact for applications for listed building consent.

Find out more about listing and our other designations at www.historicenvironment.scot/advice-and-support. You can contact us on 0131 668 8914 or at designations@hes.scot.

Images

There are no images available for this record, you may want to check Canmore for images relating to LOCHNAW CASTLE, WITH TERRACE, GATEPIERS, COURTYARD WALLS, BELL, MONUMENT AND PAVILION

There are no images available for this record.

Search Canmore

Printed: 22/08/2019 00:18