Listed Building

The only legal part of the listing is the address/name of site. Addresses and building names may have changed since the date of listing – see ‘About Listed Buildings’ below for more information.


Status: Designated


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Date Added
Local Authority
Dumfries And Galloway
Planning Authority
Dumfries And Galloway
NX 51284 53605
251284, 553605


Built circa 1787, probably to designs by Robert Adam. Single and 2-storey buildings arranged around octagonal central courtyard. Main blocks to compass points, 2-storey piend-roofed linked by single storey monopitch blocks, that to SE partly demolished, Rubble-built, partly rendered with polished granite margins and dressings. Piend-roofed, 2-storey blocks to compass points, 5-bay with central tall round-arched detail of finely dressed granite framing door, 2 windows or ventilation slits flanl. Single storey linking blocks 3-bay with cart-arches or columned open bays. Good graded slate roofs, abestos to S block. From S block anti-clockwise;S BLOCK: 2-storey with pend to centre giving formal access to courtyard. This block latterly in use as a dwelling, it is difficult to determine if this was its original usage, some of the fireplaces seem to be insertions. Interior destroyed by fire late 1960s. SE RANGE: single storey, eastermost section demolished 20th century.

E BLOCK: byre with loft above, 1st floor door to loft in E wall with traces of a forestair. Lit by slit ventilators, now mostly blocked.

NE RANGE: cartshed with open bays with granite columns to courtyard.

N BLOCK: 2-storey threshing barn, formerly with large opposing doors, that to N wall blocked, that to N wall blocked, that to S now with reduced-height door. Slit ventilators. Interior almost gutted. Modern range of fram buildings attached at rear.

NW RANGE: single storey implement/cart shed, 3 round-arched vehicle entrances (2 part-blocked).

W BLOCK: Stables to ground, hay loft above. 1 stall with cast-iron fittings, fire-clay floor tiles with cast-iron drainage grids. Door to loft with traces of forestair to W wall.

SW RANGE: 3-bay cartshed, double doors to arches. Again the courtyard wall has been heightened indicating the original slope of the roof was inwards to the courtyard.

SLAUGHTER HOUSE: detached and sited to N of steading, ruins of tall rectangular building known as the Slaughter House, though it is named only as 'ruin' in 1st edn OS maps. The Slaughterhouse is closely linked stylistically to both Kirkdale Steading and Kirkdale Bridge so is likely to be to the designs of Robert Adam, circa 1787. Rubble masonry with dressed granite quoins, finely dressed granite band course at two thirds height. The roofline has been pitched with gables to N and S. Now (1988) roofless with gablehead to N fallen. To S, square-headed door to ground, rubble voussoired oculus above,all set in recessed arched panel. To N, near full height rubble voussoired round arched opening. Part of finely cut cornice at eaves remains.

Statement of Special Interest

The Adam plans in the Soane Museum were for a much more ambitious steading. Kirkdale has many similarties with the octagonal steading at Culzean, though of course is much simpler in detail. Group with item Nos 34-36.



Plans in the Soane Museum Collection Vol 35. RCAHMS Survey Sheet.

About Listed Buildings

Listing is the way that a building or structure of special architectural or historic interest is recognised by law through the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) (Scotland) Act 1997.

We list buildings of special architectural or historic interest using the criteria published in the Historic Environment Scotland Policy Statement.

The information in the listed building record gives an indication of the special architectural or historic interest of the listed building(s). It is not a definitive historical account or a complete description of the building(s). The format of the listed building record has changed over time. Earlier records may be brief and some information will not have been recorded.

The only legal part of the listing is the address/name of site. Addresses and building names may have changed since the date of listing and if a number or name is missing from a listing address it may still be listed. Listing covers both the exterior and the interior and any object or structure fixed to the building. Listing can also cover structures not physically attached but which are part of the curtilage of the building, such as boundary walls, gates, gatepiers, ancillary buildings etc. The planning authority is responsible for advising on what is covered by the listing including the curtilage of a listed building. Since 1 October 2015 we have been able to exclude items from a listing. If part of a building is not listed, it will say that it is excluded in the statutory address and in the statement of special interest in the listed building record. The statement will use the word 'excluding' and quote the relevant section of the Historic Environment Scotland Act 2014. Some earlier listed building records may use the word 'excluding', but if the Act is not quoted, the record has not been revised to reflect current legislation.

If you want to alter, extend or demolish a listed building you need to contact your planning authority to see if you need listed building consent. The planning authority advises on the need for listed building consent and they also decide what a listing covers. The planning authority is the main point of contact for all applications for listed building consent.

Find out more about listing and our other designations at You can contact us on 0131 668 8716 or at


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Printed: 24/04/2019 01:38