Listed Building

The legal part of the listing is the address/name of site only. All other information in the record is not statutory.

CASTLE SEMPLE FORMER RAILWAY BRIDGELB12635

Status: Designated

Documents

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Summary

Category
C
Date Added
10/06/1971
Supplementary Information Updated
21/05/2012
Local Authority
Renfrewshire
Planning Authority
Renfrewshire
Parish
Lochwinnoch
NGR
NS 36691 59553
Coordinates
236691, 659553

Description

1905. Single-span, Tudor-arched, castellated former railway bridge (currently part of cycle track, 2011). Bullfaced snecked and squared rubble with polished dressings, moulded arch ring and chamfered, rusticated quoins. Arch with flanking advanced corbelled and castellated piers which rise through parapet. Square terminal piers.

Statement of Special Interest

This is a well-detailed bridge with fine decoration and distinctive castellated piers. It is situated close to the former Castle Semple House (see separate listing) and adds significantly to the overall landscape of the estate. Built in 1905, it was part of the Dalry and North Johnston railway line, which provided extra capacity for the busy Glasgow to Ayr route. It was closed in the mid 1960s. The railway ran less than 100m from the House and is perhaps a sign of the reduced fortunes of the Harvey family who owned the estate at the time. The bridge is now in use as part of a cycle track along the line of the former railway.

Castle Semple Estate has a long history, originally associated with the Semple family who built the first Castle Semple and the collegiate church (scheduled monument, 2011) around 1504. In 1727, the Semples sold the estate to a sugar plantation owner, William McDowell. McDowell began a range of land improvements to the estate, which form the basis of the current estate, including building a new Castle Semple House and landscaping the grounds. The 2nd William MacDowell continued the improvements to the estate including erecting a Temple at the deer park in Kenmuir Hill (see separate listing). The Estate was sold in 1814 to a Major John Harvey who continued to improve the landscape, but the family finances declined during the course of the 19th century and the estate was sold in 1908. After this, the house was converted to apartments and the land broken up into small holdings. The House was damaged by fire in 1924 and the central portion of it demolished in the 1960s. The central section of the estate is currently a Regional Park.

List description updated, 2012. Category changed from B to C(S), 2012.

References

Bibliography

Ordnance Survey Map, 1905. C Highet, The Glasgow and South Western Railway, (1965) p90. Stephenson Locomotive Society, The Glasgow and South Western Railway, (1950) p20. SCRANI, Conservation Statement prepared for Clyde Muirshiel Regional Park, 2008.

About Listed Buildings

Listing is the way that a building or structure of special architectural or historic interest is recognised by law through the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) (Scotland) Act 1997.

We list buildings of special architectural or historic interest using the criteria published in the Historic Environment Scotland Policy Statement.

The statutory listing address is the legal part of the listing. The information in the listed building record gives an indication of the special architectural or historic interest of the listed building(s). It is not a definitive historical account or a complete description of the building(s). The format of the listed building record has changed over time. Earlier records may be brief and some information will not have been recorded.

Listing covers both the exterior and the interior. Listing can cover structures not mentioned which are part of the curtilage of the building, such as boundary walls, gates, gatepiers, ancillary buildings etc. The planning authority is responsible for advising on what is covered by the listing including the curtilage of a listed building. For information about curtilage see www.historicenvironment.scot. Since 1 October 2015 we have been able to exclude items from a listing. If part of a building is not listed, it will say that it is excluded in the statutory address and in the statement of special interest in the listed building record. The statement will use the word 'excluding' and quote the relevant section of the Historic Environment Scotland Act 2014. Some earlier listed building records may use the word 'excluding', but if the Act is not quoted, the record has not been revised to reflect current legislation.

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Printed: 12/11/2018 17:43