Listed Building

The legal part of the listing is the address/name of site only. All other information in the record is not statutory.

RENTON, MAIN STREET, MILLBURN CHURCH, FORMER FREE CHURCH WITH BOUNDARY WALL, GRAVESTONES, RAILINGS AND GATEPIERSLB1176

Status: Designated

Documents

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Summary

Category
A
Date Added
15/08/1985
Local Authority
West Dunbartonshire
Planning Authority
West Dunbartonshire
Parish
Cardross
NGR
NS 38792 78916
Coordinates
238792, 678916

Description

Probably John T Rochead, 1845. Cruciform-plan gothic church, miniature Early English with late gothic central entrance tower. Ashlar fronted; squared and snecked rear and side elevation; ashlar, margins and dressings. Lancets; eaves course; base course; angle buttresses; squat pyramidal pinnacles.

E ELEVATION: ashlar symmetrical front; 4-stage entrance tower at centre rising into crocketted spire in Scott monument telescopic style; flanking buttressed bays; recessed flanking transepts. Pointed arch door with moulded surround, narrow lancet at 2nd stage; gabletted lancets at 3rd stage with pinnacled flying buttresses; small lancets at 4th stage; narrow finialled angle pilasters, running through upper

2 stages. Crocketted spire with gablet detailing, lead weathervane. Flanking buttressed bays, lancets, angle buttresses, pyramidal finials. Transepts to left and right, blocked lancets.

N ELEVATION: gabled transept, squared and snecked sandstone, ashlar margins and dressings. Blocked stepped 3-light lancet window, angle buttresses; ringhead cross finial with trefoil cusped arms; date stone 1845 in gablehead plaque.

W ELEVATION: lower gabled chancel; blocked stepped 3-light lancet window, door at ground below centre lancet; 3 lancets to right and left returns; tall lancet at right and left transept.

S ELEVATION: gabled transept; 3-light window, plaque in gablehead, 1845 datestone; lancet on right and left returns. Ringhead cross finial with trefoil arms.

Pointed-arch lancet windows, now all blocked, rendered and lined; grey slate roof; ashlar coping to skews and skewputts.

INTERIOR: not seen 1994; gutted.

GRAVEYARD: range of fine mid to later 19th century grave monuments including obelisk monument to John Hathieson, died 1874; Ruskinian Gothic monument to William Murray, died 1872, exotic lotus leaf finial.

BOUNDARY WALL AND RAILINGS: rubble boundary wall with semicircular coping surrounding graveyard to N, W and E. Low wall with cast-iron railings; cusped heads to E.

Statement of Special Interest

The building is no longer in ecclesiastical use. It was built as the Free Church. It is now in a poor state of repair with the interior gutted, dampness and stone damage. Rochead designed the St John's Free Church, 205 George Street, Glasgow 1845 which boasts a similar spire of tiered pinnacles and its seems probable that he designed this sibling Free Church at the same time. Millburn Church had previously been attributed tentatively to George Meikle Kemp, an architect familiar with such Gothic work (see the Scott Monument) who had been working reputedly at Millburn Tower. However, this attribution now seems unlikely in view of the Rochead parallel.

References

Bibliography

F A Walker and F Sinclair NORTH CLYDE ESTUARY (1992), p40.

About Listed Buildings

Listing is the way that a building or structure of special architectural or historic interest is recognised by law through the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) (Scotland) Act 1997.

We list buildings of special architectural or historic interest using the criteria published in the Historic Environment Scotland Policy Statement.

The statutory listing address is the legal part of the listing. The information in the listed building record gives an indication of the special architectural or historic interest of the listed building(s). It is not a definitive historical account or a complete description of the building(s). The format of the listed building record has changed over time. Earlier records may be brief and some information will not have been recorded.

Listing covers both the exterior and the interior. Listing can cover structures not mentioned which are part of the curtilage of the building, such as boundary walls, gates, gatepiers, ancillary buildings etc. The planning authority is responsible for advising on what is covered by the listing including the curtilage of a listed building. For information about curtilage see www.historicenvironment.scot. Since 1 October 2015 we have been able to exclude items from a listing. If part of a building is not listed, it will say that it is excluded in the statutory address and in the statement of special interest in the listed building record. The statement will use the word 'excluding' and quote the relevant section of the Historic Environment Scotland Act 2014. Some earlier listed building records may use the word 'excluding', but if the Act is not quoted, the record has not been revised to reflect current legislation.

If you want to alter, extend or demolish a listed building you need to contact your planning authority to see if you need listed building consent. The planning authority is the main point of contact for all applications for listed building consent.

Find out more about listing and our other designations at www.historicenvironment.scot. You can contact us on 0131 668 8716 or at designations@hes.scot.

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