Listed Building

The legal part of the listing is the address/name of site only. All other information in the record is not statutory.

ELLEMHAUGH SMITHY INCLUDING HOUSE, ANCILLARY STRUCTURE (FORMER HEN HOUSE, BYRE AND STABLE) AND FORMER SMITHYLB10782

Status: Designated

Documents

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Summary

Category
C
Date Added
19/08/1998
Local Authority
Scottish Borders
Planning Authority
Scottish Borders
Parish
Longformacus
NGR
NT 72121 59620
Coordinates
372121, 659620

Description

Late 18th to early 19th century; possibly George Fortune, architect, Duns, raised to include attic and altered 1899. Symmetrical single storey with attic, 3-bay house with bowed stair tower centred at rear; single storey, 4-bay ancillary structure (former hen house, byre and stable) adjoined to left; single storey, 2-bay wing (former smithy) beyond. Harl-pointed rubble (predominantly sandstone) to house; some rendered pointing at upper floor; droved and stugged sandstone dressings; harled elevation to E. Rubble quoins at ground; sandstone margins; tooled long and short sandstone surrounds to stair opening; sandstone mullions to bipartites; projecting cills. Harl pointed rubble to adjoining ancillary structure and smithy.

S (ENTRANCE) ELEVATION, HOUSE: timber panelled door centred at ground; sandstone panel above embossed "A.S I.F.L 1899". Bipartite windows at ground in flanking bays; gabled bipartite windows breaking eaves above.

N (REAR) ELEVATION: large window in bowed stair tower projecting at centre; slightly recessed lean-to projections in flanking bays with single windows in each. E (SIDE) ELEVATION: single window at upper stage off-set to right of centre. Remains of plate glass and 4-pane upper, plate glass lower timber sash and case windows (glazing missing); small rooflights. Graded grey slate roof; timber bargeboards; brick built apex stacks; cans missing. INTERIOR: not seen 1997.

S (ENTRANCE) ELEVATION, ANCILLARY STRUCTURE AND SMITHY: 4 bay block comprising single window opening in bay to outer left; boarded timber doors in remaining bays to right. Adjoining smithy with small window opening in bay to right (timber lintel); door opening in bay to outer left. N (REAR) ELEVATION: ancillary structure with large opening off-set to left of centre; large opening centred in smithy adjoined to outer right. Glazing missing throughout. Grey slate roofs (missing in part); stone skews; some cast-iron rainwater goods. INTERIOR: no remains of forge; concrete stalls in byre.

Statement of Special Interest

Empty and derelict 1997. Included in Buildings at Risk Bulletin, May 1998. Despite its current state of disrepair, this rubble complex retains some interesting features, the most obvious being its bowed stair tower. Although the embossed panel above the door is dated 1899 (the initials A.S and I.F.L standing for Andrew Smith and his wife Ida Frances Landale, of the nearby Cranshaws and Whitchester estates), the lower half of the house and its adjoining outbuildings appear to date from the late 18th, early 19th century. It is therefore assumed that the panel refers to the raising of the house to include an attic and the creation of its bipartite openings. Depicted in its present state in Andrew Smith's book of plans (see above) it is thought that the book's draughtsman and local architect, George Fortune, may have been responsible for these alterations. Set to the S of the Whiteadder Water, and contained within the boundaries of Whitchester?s designed landscape, Ellemhaugh remains a significant landmark within its surroundings.

References

Bibliography

Ordnance Survey map, 1857 (evident). George Fortune (architect, Duns) PLANS OF BUILDINGS ON THE ESTATES OF WHITCHESTER, CRANSHAWS AND BURNHOUSES FOR ANDREW SMITH ESQUIRE, 1900 (in possession of Cranshaws House). AN INVENTORY OF GARDENS AND DESIGNED LANDSCAPES IN SCOTLAND, LOTHIAN AND BORDERS, Vol 5, p424-428.

About Listed Buildings

Listing is the way that a building or structure of special architectural or historic interest is recognised by law through the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) (Scotland) Act 1997.

We list buildings of special architectural or historic interest using the criteria published in the Historic Environment Scotland Policy Statement.

The statutory listing address is the legal part of the listing. The information in the listed building record gives an indication of the special architectural or historic interest of the listed building(s). It is not a definitive historical account or a complete description of the building(s). The format of the listed building record has changed over time. Earlier records may be brief and some information will not have been recorded.

Listing covers both the exterior and the interior. Listing can cover structures not mentioned which are part of the curtilage of the building, such as boundary walls, gates, gatepiers, ancillary buildings etc. The planning authority is responsible for advising on what is covered by the listing including the curtilage of a listed building. For information about curtilage see www.historicenvironment.scot. Since 1 October 2015 we have been able to exclude items from a listing. If part of a building is not listed, it will say that it is excluded in the statutory address and in the statement of special interest in the listed building record. The statement will use the word 'excluding' and quote the relevant section of the Historic Environment Scotland Act 2014. Some earlier listed building records may use the word 'excluding', but if the Act is not quoted, the record has not been revised to reflect current legislation.

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