Listed Building

The legal part of the listing is the address/name of site only. All other information in the record is not statutory.

FOGO KIRK, CHURCH OF SCOTLAND, INCLUDING INNER AND OUTER GRAVEYARDS, BOUNDARY WALLS AND LYCH GATELB10512

Status: Designated

Documents

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Summary

Category
A
Date Added
09/06/1971
Local Authority
Scottish Borders
Planning Authority
Scottish Borders
Parish
Fogo
NGR
NT 77257 49196
Coordinates
377257, 649196

Description

Predominantly rebuilt 1755 incorporating earlier fabric (itself repaired and extended 1683 with burial aisle (now vestry) added to E; gabled aisle to S forming T-plan; laird's loft to E); further exterior and interior repairs and alterations 1817; W loft added 1854. T-plan, galleried church (8-bay to front) with gabled S aisle projecting at centre; exterior stairs to outer left and right; lower vestry adjoined to E; bellcote to W. Harl pointed sandstone rubble; sandstone ashlar dressings. Droved rubble quoins; raised margins; flush cills. Round arched and square headed openings.

S (ENTRANCE) ELEVATION: projecting central aisle with round arched window at centre; round-arched surround with raised keystone; carved figurative panel below (set in infilled doorway?); sandstone finial (sundial?) surmounting gablehead. 3-bay wing recessed to left with boarded timber door in gabled porch projecting at centre; gabled window breaking eaves off-set to left above; round arched windows recessed at ground in flanking bays. Remains of sandstone sundial clasping corner to left. Ball-finialled, corniced bellcote surmounting gablehead; bell in place. Exterior stair accessing boarded timber loft door recessed to outer left; sandstone treads, coped sandstone wall. 4 bay wing recessed to right of centre with boarded timber door in lean-to addition adjoining central aisle; part-obscured bull's-eye opening behind. Round-arched window in subsequent bay to right; small, square-headed window in penultimate bay to outer right; exterior stair to boarded timber loft door in bay to outer right. Lower, single storey vestry adjoined to right with pointed-arch window off-set to left of centre.

W (SIDE) ELEVATION: narrow single bay, gabled projection at centre with single window at upper floor (loft porch); coped sandstone wall enclosing stair to right; stone birdcage bellcote surmounting gablehead behind.

N (REAR) ELEVATION: 4-bay nave with 2 single windows flanking centre; smaller single windows in bays to outer left and right. Square headed opening in 2-storey bay recessed to outer right (store beneath exterior stair). Plain elevation to single storey vestry recessed to outer left.

E (SIDE) ELEVATION: projecting single storey, gabled vestry with single window at centre; oval-shaped opening aligned above. Taller nave set behind with single window centred beneath apex; plain sandstone finial. Small window in lean-to porch recessed to left; plain elevation to projecting S aisle to outer left.

Small-pane glazing in timber sash and case and casement windows. Grey slate roofs; raised stone skews; plain skewputts. Replacement rainwater goods.

INTERIOR: re-plastered and re-seated 1817. Stone slab floor; timber panelled dado; plain whitewashed walls with coombed ceiling. Timber pews in place; some box pews with timber panelled doors and private communion tables. Timber panelled hexagonal pulpit centred in N wall with ogee-capped timber sounding board and surmounting urn-shaped finial. Columnar supports beneath lairds' lofts to E (Harcarse) and W (Charterhall); timber pews; painted Trotter family coat-of-arms, dated 1671 to W; painted Hog family coat-of-arms to front of E balcony, dated 1677. Timber framed organ adjoining S wall (1901). Vestry to E (former Harcarse burial aisle) with pointed arched vaulted ceiling; part whitewashed, part harl pointed rubble walls. 2 separate carved stones embedded in N wall with carved skull and crossbones to upper stone; 'Momento Mori' inscribed below; foliate, cruciform carving to lower stone.

GRAVEYARDS, BOUNDARY WALLS AND LYCH GATE: surrounding inner graveyard with later, outer graveyard to S. Various symbolic gravestones from the 17th, 18th, 19th and 20th centuries, including wall-mounted, table top monuments, carved with memento mori and gravestones with classical detailing. Rubble-coped rubble walls enclosing both. Earlier 20th century lych gate (World War I memorial) accessing outer graveyard with rubble plinths, timber frame, timber pedestrian gate, engraved plaque, pyramidal, pantiled roof.

Statement of Special Interest

Ecclesiastical building in use as such. Founded around 1100 and thought to have been built circa 1570. A well-detailed, originally rectangular-plan kirk, converted to a T-plan in the late 17th century - unusually with the short leg of the T to the S. Predominantly rebuilt in 1755, that which remains is a fine example of its type, with the lairds' lofts, exterior stairs, bellcote (with bell inscribed 'John Meikll me fecit Edinburgi 1694') and the surrounding graveyards in place. Inside, little has changed since 1817 - the box pews and hexagonal pulpit being particularly noteworthy. Set on the S side of the Blackadder Water, in the centre of Fogo, Rutherfurd thought the church "... ancient and beautifully situated."

References

Bibliography

SRO HR161/1, 2 & 3. Armstrong's map, 1771 (evident). STATISTICAL ACCOUNT (1798) p275. NEW STATISTICAL ACCOUNT (1845) p229. RUTHERFURD'S SOUTHERN COUNTIES REGISTER AND DIRECTORY 1866, reprinted 1990). J Robson THE CHURCHES AND CHURCHYARDS OF BERWICKSHIRE (1896) pp110-114. FERGUSON'S SKETCH BOOK, NO 10, NMRS (1900). RCAHMS INVENTORY OF MONUMENTS AND CONSTRUCTIONS IN THE COUNTY OF BERWICK (1915) 158. G Hay THE ARCHITECTURE OF SCOTTISH POST REFORMATION CHURCHES 1560-1843 (1957) p91, 187 & 252. C A Strang BORDERS AND BERWICK: AN ILLUSTRATED ARCHITECTURAL GUIDE (1991) p49. Dr G A C Binnie THE CHURCHES AND GRAVEYARDS OF BERWICKSHIRE (1995) pp240-248. NMRS photographic records BW/4794, BW/4795, BW/4796, BW/4797.

About Listed Buildings

Listing is the way that a building or structure of special architectural or historic interest is recognised by law through the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) (Scotland) Act 1997.

We list buildings of special architectural or historic interest using the criteria published in the Historic Environment Scotland Policy Statement.

The statutory listing address is the legal part of the listing. The information in the listed building record gives an indication of the special architectural or historic interest of the listed building(s). It is not a definitive historical account or a complete description of the building(s). The format of the listed building record has changed over time. Earlier records may be brief and some information will not have been recorded.

Listing covers both the exterior and the interior. Listing can cover structures not mentioned which are part of the curtilage of the building, such as boundary walls, gates, gatepiers, ancillary buildings etc. The planning authority is responsible for advising on what is covered by the listing including the curtilage of a listed building. For information about curtilage see www.historicenvironment.scot. Since 1 October 2015 we have been able to exclude items from a listing. If part of a building is not listed, it will say that it is excluded in the statutory address and in the statement of special interest in the listed building record. The statement will use the word 'excluding' and quote the relevant section of the Historic Environment Scotland Act 2014. Some earlier listed building records may use the word 'excluding', but if the Act is not quoted, the record has not been revised to reflect current legislation.

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Printed: 16/11/2018 08:11